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Shinjitai in shinjitai: 新字体; in kyūjitai: 新字體

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Shinjitai (in shinjitai: 新字体; in kyūjitai: 新字體; meaning "new character form") are the forms of kanji used in Japan since the promulgation of the Tōyō Kanji List in 1946. Some of the new forms found in shinjitai are also found in simplified Chinese, but shinjitai is generally not as extensive in the scope of its modification. Thus, modern Japanese kanji more closely resemble traditional Chinese characters. It should be mentioned that Japanese writing has undergone many other changes – a number of words are now normally written in hiragana only (e.g. simple words, particles) or katakana (e.g. onomatopoeia, loanwords, animals). Thus the overall number of kanji in use in modern Japanese is much smaller than in Chinese.[citation needed]
Shinjitai were created by reducing the number of strokes in kyūjitai (旧字体/舊字體, "old character form"), unsimplified Kanji equivalent to Traditional Chinese characters, also called 正字 seiji, meaning proper/correct characters through a process (similar to that of Simplified Chinese) of either replacing the tsukuri (旁, right-hand part of a Kanji) indicating the On reading with another character of the same On reading with fewer strokes, or replacing a complex component of a character with a simpler one.
There have been a few stages of simplifications made since the 1950s, but there have been no changes made since the promulgation of the Jōyō Kanji List in 1981.
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